Ronald Salvaggione DC
405 Windchime Place, Colorado Springs, CO, 80919
Phone: 719-598-6955
Fax: 719-598-7157
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http://cssichiro.com

OCCUPATIONAL HISTORY

Clinic Director, Chiropractor, Colorado Spine & Injury Clinic, Colorado Springs, CO 2015 - present

Clinic Director, Chiropractor, Alta Vista Chiropractic, Colorado Springs, CO, 2002 – present

Clinic Director, Chiropractor, North West Chiropractic, Colorado Springs, CO, 1996 – 2002

Clinic Director, Chiropractor, Bardonia Chiropractic, Bardonia, NY, 1984 – 1996

Chiropractor, Ballwin Chiropractic Center, Ballwin, MO, 1981 – 1982

EDUCATION and Licensure

Doctor of Chiropractic, Licensed in the State of Colorado, License #CHR 0004127, 1996 – Present

Doctor of Chiropractic, Licensed in the State of New York, License #X3105, 1982 – 1996

Doctorate of Chiropractic, Logan College of Chiropractic, Chesterfield, MO, 1980

National Board of Chiropractic Boards, Part I, 1980

National Board of Chiropractic Boards, Part II, 1980

Associate of Applied Science, Rockland Community College, Suffern, NY, 1977

Associate Degree in Engineering Drafting, Westchester Community College, Valhalla, NY, 1974

Selected Post-graduate Education, Certifications and Diplomates

Primary Spine Care Qualified, This qualification includes graduate chiropractic education in healthy and traumatically altered spinal morphology inclusive of osseous, connective tissue and neurological structure, function and pathology. This certifies you are qualified in assessing predictive models in spinal biomechanics and devising engineering paradigms for treatment plans to maximize spinal homeostasis in an evidenced based conclusion. In addition, this qualification acknowledges your expertise in triaging the injured and coordinating collaborative care from the trauma through conclusion of rehabilitation, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Cleveland University-Kansas City, College of Chiropractic, Long Island NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Terms, Concepts and Definitions, The forces in physics that prevail in accidents to cause bodily injury. Quantifying the force coefficients of vehicle mass and force vectors that can be translated to the occupant and subsequently cause serious injury. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Causality, Bodily Injury, Negative Acceleration Forces, Crumple Zones and Critical Documentation, Factors that cause negative acceleration to zero and the subsequent forces created for the vehicle that get translated to the occupant. Understanding critical documentation of hospitals, ambulance reports, doctors and the legal profession in reconstructing an accident. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Skid Marks, Time, Distance, Velocity, Speed Formulas and Road Surfaces, The mathematical calculations necessary utilizing time, distance, speed, coefficients of friction and acceleration in reconstructing an accident. The application of the critical documentation acquired from an accident site. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Research, Causality and Bodily Injury, Delta V issues correlated to injury and mortality, side impact crashes and severity of injuries, event data recorder reports correlated to injury, frontal impact kinematics, crash injury metrics with many variables and inquiries related to head restraints. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2017

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Clinical Application, Creating treatment plans based upon predictive models in determining what is corrective vs. management of pathological spinal  biomechanical behavior, PACE approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensure Boards, Melville NY, 2017

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering Analysis, Normal vs. abnormal coupling motions in a mechanical model utilizing engineering principles in a predictive model. Applying the Cartesian nomenclature to normal and pathological sequella of the human spine, PACE approved for the Federation of Chiropractic Licensure Boards, Melville NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Terms, Concepts and Definitions, The forces in physics that prevail in accidents to cause bodily injury. Quantifying the force coefficients of vehicle mass and force vectors that can be translated to the occupant and subsequently cause serious injury. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division,Long Island, NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Causality, Bodily Injury, Negative Acceleration Forces, Crumple Zones and Critical Documentation, Factors that cause negative acceleration to zero and the subsequent forces created for the vehicle that get translated to the occupant. Understanding critical documentation of hospitals, ambulance reports, doctors and the legal profession in reconstructing an accident. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division,Long Island, NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Skid Marks, Time, Distance, Velocity, Speed Formulas and Road Surfaces, The mathematical calculations necessary utilizing time, distance, speed, coefficients of friction and acceleration in reconstructing an accident. The application of the critical documentation acquired from an accident site. Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division,Long Island, NY, 2017

Accident Reconstruction: Research, Causality and Bodily Injury, Delta V issues correlated to injury and mortality, side impact crashes and severity of injuries, event data recorder reports correlated to injury, frontal impact kinematics, crash injury metrics with many variables and inquiries related to head restraints.Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division,Long Island, NY, 2017

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Triage and Connective Tissue Injuries and Wound Repair,Triaging the injured and differentially diagnosing both the primary and secondary complaints. Connective tissue injuries and wound repair morphology focusing on the aberrant tissue replacement and permanency prognosis potential. Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2017

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Ligament Anatomy and Injury Research and Spinal Kinematics,Spinal ligamentous anatomy and research focusing on wound repair, future negative sequelae of abnormal tissue replacement and the resultant aberrant kinematics and spinal biomechanics of the spine.Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2017

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Spinal Biomechanics, Central Nervous System and Spinal Disc Nomenclature,The application of spinal biomechanical engineering models in trauma and the negative sequelae it has on the central nervous system inclusive of the lateral horn, periaqueductal grey matter, thalamus and cortices involvement.Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2017

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Biomechanics of Traumatic Disc Bulge and Age Dating Herniated Disc Pathology,The biomechanics of traumatic disc bulges as sequelae from trauma and the comorbidity of ligamentous pathology. Age-dating spinal disc pathology in accordance with Wolff’s Law.Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2017

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Clinical Grand Rounds,The review of case histories of mechanical spine pathology and biomechanical failures inclusive of case histories, clinical findings and x-ray and advanced imaging studies. Assessing comorbidities in the triage and prognosis of the injured.Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2017

Spinal Trauma Pathology, Research Perspectives,The review of current literature standards in spinal trauma pathology and documentation review of biomechanical failure, ligamentous failure and age-dating disc pathology.Texas Chiropractic College, ACCME Joint Providership with the State University of New York at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Buffalo, New York, 2017

Interprofessional Hospital Based Spine Care, Trends in hospital and emergent care in the healthcare delivery system inclusive of policies, hospital staffing and current care paths for mechanical spine issues.Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Long Island, NY, 2017

Whiplash Biomechanics & Injury Traumatology, Advanced Certification, certifies successful management of motor vehicle trauma victims in order to achieve optimal clinical outcomes. Spine Research Institute of San Diego, 2016.

Primary Spine Care Symposium – Interprofessional Spine Care, Clinical analysis of anatomic versus biomechanical spine pain and clinical triage protocols.  Relating current research trends in the Whole Spine Model of patient including normal versus abnormal sagittal curvature in the adolescent and adult spine, pelvic incidence as a parameter for sagittal balance in the human spine and current methods of assessment. Patient centered approach to Evidenced Based Spine care with a focus on diagnosis, prognosis and triage of the spine pain patient. Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium – Epidemiology of Spine Pain, Review of the current Centers for Disease Control [CDC} data on the frequency of musculoskeletal pain in the United States population with emphasis on pain of spinal origin.  CDC guidelines on opioid medication were discussed and correlated to persistent pain syndromes.  Research was reviewed showing the importance of managing the spine pain patient properly from the entry point of care with a concentration on maintenance of spinal biomechanics. Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium- Connective Tissue and Spinal Disc Pathology, The morphology and pathology of connective tissue, inclusive of spinal disc disorders and prognosticating wound repair with permanency implications. Disc bulge, herniation, protrusion and extrusion classifications based upon contemporary literature and how to age-date disc pathology. Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium – Physiology and Anatomy of Spinal Manual Adjusting, Understanding the role of mechanoreceptors, proprioceptors and nociceptors with facets, ligaments, tendons and muscles in aberrant spinal biomechanics. MRI and imaging studies of decompressing via a chiropractic spinal adjustment of the bio-neuro-mechanical lesion and its effects on the central nervous system both reflexively and supratentorally. Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Primary Spine Care Symposium – Medical-Legal Documentation, The contemporary documentation required in a medical-legal environment that is evidenced based and meets the standards of the courts and academia. Utilizing the scientific data to support a diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan while meeting the admissibility standards based upon a professional’s credentials. Texas Chiropractic College Post-Doctoral Division, Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Melville NY 2017

Establishing Roles and Responsibilities for Interprofessional Care Team Members,Defining roles in a collaborative environment based upon skills, knowledge and abilities of each provider while engaging patients in the process.Accreditation Council on Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) in cooperation with Medscape, 2016

Interprofessional Collaboration to Improve Health Care: An Introduction,Creating patient centered approaches to healthcare to improve outcomes in treatment models while concurrently reducing risk, Accreditation Council on Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) in cooperation with Medscape, 2016

Primary Spine Care – Central Nervous System Processing of Pain and Physiology,Central neural pathways of pain and higher cortical responses to pain and the effect of high amplitude-low velocity forces on mechanoreceptors and proprioceptors. The effects of neuropeptides on the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal axis when treating patients.Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Melville NY, 2016

 

Primary Spine Care – MRI, Bone Edema and Degeneration,The effects of trauma on spinal vertebral segments and the short and long term sequella to morphology. Identifying and diagnosing bone edema, spurring, types of degeneration in assessing biomechanical stability in conjunction with Modic and Pfeiffer changes.   Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Melville NY, 2016

 

Primary Spine Care – Hospital and Emergency Room Care,Identifying spinal lesions inclusive of cord and root lesion through examination and advanced imaging in creating an accurate diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan to effectively triage in collaboration and coordination with medical specialists and emergency department physicians. Differentially diagnosing and triaging disc degenerative bulges, traumatic disc bulges, protrusion herniations, extrusion herniations and fragmented herniations along with managing traumatically induced pain as sequella to degenerative disc trauma, Texas Chiropractic College, Academy of Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Melville NY, 2016

Hospital Based Spine Care Qualified, Credentialed in hospital protocols, emergency room protocols, acute and chronic patient triage inclusive of MRI spine interpretation, spinal biomechanical engineering,head trauma, concussion, mild traumatic and traumatic brain injuries, co-credentialed in part through the ACCME (Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education) Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas Chiropractic College and PACE approved by the Federation of Chiropractic Licensure Boards and the Academy of Chiropractic, Long Island, New York 2016.

Orthopedic Testing: Principles, Clinical Application and Triage, Integration of orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis.  Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequella.  Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, NY, 2016

Othopedic Testing: Cervical Spine, Integration of cervical orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis.  Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequella. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, NY, 2016

Orthopedic Testing: Lumbar Spine, Integration of lumbar orthopedic testing in the clinical setting to develop a differential diagnosis.  Utilizing radiographic and advanced imaging inclusive of MRI and CAT scan findings to verify tissue pathology suspected by orthopedic testing conclusions and developing a treatment plan as sequella. Academy of Chiropractic Post-Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Long Island, NY, 2016

MRI History and Physics, Magnetic fields, T1 and T2 relaxations, nuclear spins, phase encoding, spin echo, t1 and t2 contrast, magnetic properties of metals and the historical perspective of the creation of NMR and MRI. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

MRI Spinal Anatomy and Protocols, Normal anatomy of axial and sagittal views utilizing T1, T2, 3D gradient and STIR sequences of imaging. Standardized and desired protocols in views and sequencing of MRI examination to create an accurate diagnosis in MRI. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

MRI Disc Pathology and Spinal Stenosis, MRI interpretation of bulged, herniated, protruded, extruded, sequestered and fragmented disc pathologies in etiology and neurological sequelae in relationship to the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots.ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

MRI Spinal Pathology, MRI interpretation of bone, intradural, extradural, cord and neural sleeve lesions. Tuberculosis, drop lesions, metastasis, ependymoma, schwanoma and numerous other spinal related tumors and lesions. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

MRI Methodology of Analysis, MRI interpretation sequencing of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine inclusive of T1, T2, STIR and 3D gradient studies to ensure the accurate diagnosis of the region visualized. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

MRI Clinical Application, The clinical application of the results of space occupying lesions. Disc and tumor pathologies and the clinical indications of manual and adjustive therapies in the patient with spinal nerve root and spinal cord insult as sequelae. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Primary Spine Care, Neurophysiological central and peripheral nervous systems mechanisms of pain with integrated higher cortical functions of the thalamus, cingulate, amygdala, pre-frontal, motor and sensory cortexes.  Trauma and chronic pain care effecting mechanoreceptors, nociceptors and

Proprioceptors through adjustive therapy based upon evidenced based care and current literature

Verification. Texas Chiropractic College, Federation of Chiropractic Licensings Boards, New York State Departement of Education Board for Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Islandia, NY, 2015

 

Primary Spine Care with Interdisciplinary Collaborative Care, Triage of patients based upon MRI findings of disc herniaton, disc bulge, protrusion, extrusion or sequestrations and spinal cord or nerve root negative sequella, clinical findings of neuro-compressive pathologies and neurodiagnostic findings of EMG-NCV, SSEP, VEP, BAER, VEP and V-ENG findings. Texas Chiropractic College, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, New York State Department of Education Board for Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Islandia, NY, 2015

MRI Spinal Anatomy, Protocols and Disc Pathology, Normal anatomy of axial and sagittal views utilizing T1, T2, gradient and STIR sequences of imaging. Degeneration and annular fissures of discs in both trauma and not-trauma patients and the biochemical properties of joints in age dating protrusion, extrusion, migrated and sequestered variations. Clinical scenarios as sequella to disc and pre-existing pathologies. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Neurodiagnostics, Imaging Protocols and Pathololgy of the Trauma Patient, An in-depth understanding of the protocols in triaging and reporting the clinical findings of the trauma patient. Maitaining ethical relationships with the medical-legal community. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Diagnostics, Risk Factors, Clinical Presentation and Triaging the Trauma Patient, An extensive understanding of the injured with clinically coordinating the history, physical findings and when to integrate neurodiagnostics. An understanding on how to utilize emergency room records in creating an accurate diagnosis and the significance of “risk factors” in spinal injury. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Crash Dynamics and Its Relationship to Causality, An extensive understanding of the physics involved in the transference of energy from the bullet car to the target car. This includes G’s of force, newtons, gravity, energy, skid marks, crumple zones, spring factors, event data recorder and the graphing of the movement of the vehicle before, during and after the crash. Determining the clinical correlation of forces and bodily injury. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

MRI, Bone Scan and X-Ray Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, MRI interpretation, physiology, history and clinical indications, bone scan interpretation, physiology and clinical indications, x-ray clinical indications for the trauma patient. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Neurodiagnostic Testing Protocols, Physiology and Indications for the Trauma Patient, Electromyography (EMG), Nerve Condution Velocity (NCV, Somato Sensory Evoked Potential (SSEP), Visual Evoked Potential (VEP), Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAER) and Visual-Electronystagmosgraphy (V-ENG) interpretation, protocols and clinical indications for the trauma patient. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Documentation and Reporting for the Trauma Victim, Understanding the necessity for accurate documentation and diagnosis utilizing the ICD-9 and the CPT to accurately describe the injury through diagnosis. Understanding and utilizing state regulations on reimbursement issues pertaining to healthcare. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Documenting Clinically Correlated Bodily Injury to Causality, Understanding the necessity for accurate documentation, diagnosis and clinical correlation to the injury when reporting injuries in the medical-legal community.  Documenting the kinesiopathology, myopathology, neuropathology and patholphysiology in both a functional and structural paradigm. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Primary Spine Care,Neurophysiological central and peripheral nervous systems mechanisms of pain with integrated higher cortical functions of the thalamus, cingulate, amygdala, pre-frontal, motor and sensory cortexes. Trauma and chronic pain care effecting mechanoreceptors, nociceptors and proprioceptors through adjustive therapy based upon evidenced based care and current literature verification.Texas Chiropractic College, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, New York State Department of Education Board for Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Islandia NY 2015

Primary Spine Care with Interdisciplinary Collaborative Care,Triage of patients based upon MRI findings of disc herniation, disc bulge, protrusion, extrusion or sequestrations and spinal cord or nerve root negative sequella, clinical findings of neuro-compressive pathologies and neurodiagnostic findings of EMG-NCV, SSEP, VEP, BAER, VEP and V-ENG findings.Texas Chiropractic College, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, New York State Department of Education Board for Chiropractic, Academy of Chiropractic, Islandia NY 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cartesian System,The Cartesian Coordinate System from the history to the application in the human body. Explanation of the x, y and z axes in both translation and rotations (thetas) and how they are applicable to human biomechanics. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering:Cervical Pathobiomechanics,Spinal biomechanical engineering of the cervical and upper thoracic spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Lumbar Pathobiomechanics,Spinal biomechanical engineering of the lumbar spine. This includes the normal and pathobiomechanical movement of both the anterior and posterior motor units and normal function and relationship of the intrinsic musculature to those motor units. Nomenclature in reporting normal and pathobiomechanical findings of the spine. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Spinal Biomechanics in Trauma,Toutilize whiplash associated disorders in various vectors of impact and whiplash mechanisms in determining pathobiomechanics. To clinically correlate annular tears, disc herniations, fractures, ligament pathology and spinal segmental instability as sequellae to pathobiomechanics from trauma. The utilization of digital motion x-ray in diagnoising normal versus abnormal facet motion along with case studies to understand the clinical application. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering & Organizational Analysis,Integrating spinal biomechanics and pathobiomechanics through digitized analysis.The comparison of organized versus disorganized compensation with regional and global compensation. Correlation of the vestibular, occular and proprioceptive neurological integration in the righting reflex as evidenced in imaging. Digital and numerical algorithm in analyzing a spine. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Cervical Digital Analysis,  Digitizing and analyzing the cervical spine in neutral, flexion and extension views to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes alteration of motion segment integrity (AMOSI) in both angular and translational movement. Ligament instability/failure/pathology are identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies to analyze pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Lumbar Digital Analysis,Digitalizing and analyzing the lumbar spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotatioal analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models.  Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Spinal Biomechanical Engineering: Full Spine Digital Analysis,Digitalizing and analyzing the full spine images to diagnose pathobiomechanics as sequellae to trauma in relation to ligamentous failure and disc and vertebral pathology as sequellae. This includes anterior and posterior vertebral body elements in rotatioal analysis with neutral, left and right lateral bending in conjunction with gate analysis. Ligament instability/failure/pathology is identified all using numerical values and models. Review of case studies for analysis of pathobiomechanics using a computerized/numerical algorithm along with corrective guidelines. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Accident Reconstruction: Terms, Concepts and Definitions, The forces in physics that prevail in accidents to cause bodily injury.  Quantifying the force coefficients of vehicle mass and force vectors that can be translated to the occupant and subsequently cause serious injury. ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Accident Reconstruction: Causality, Bodily Injury, Negative Acceleration Forces, Crumple Zones and Critical Documentation, Factors that cause negative acceleration to zero and the subsequent forces created for the vehicle that get translated to the occupant.  Understanding critical documentation of hospitals, ambulance reports, doctors and the legal profession in reconstructing an accident.  ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Accident Reconstruction: Skid Marks, Time, Distance, Velocity, Speed Formulas and Road Surfaces, The mathematical calculations necessary utilizing time, distance, speed, coefficients of friction and acceleration in reconstructing an accident.  The application of the critical documentation acquired from an accident site.  ACCME Joint Sponsorship with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Academy of Chiropractic Post Doctoral Division, Recognized by the PACE Program of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Buffalo, NY, 2015

Accident Reconstruction: Research, Causality and Bodily InjuryDelta V issues correlated to injury and mortality, side impact crashes and severity of injuries, event data recorder reports correlated to injury, frontal impact kinematics, crash injury metrics with many variables and inquiries related to head restraints. span